Periodontal Care at W. Eric Martin, DDS

gum disease stagesDid you know that gum disease is the most prevalent chronic bacterial infection among adults? What’s even more alarming is that the health of your gums affects the health of your entire body! When your gums become infected the bacteria can enter the bloodstream and harm other major organs, including your heart! Click here to see how your gum health affects your heart.

That being said, avoiding periodontal disease is a good way to start improving your overall health. At our office we offer quality periodontal care to restore your gum health. But for some, keeping an eye on gum health is easier said than done. Why? Well, periodontal disease can be an extremely subtle disease. What we mean is that you could be suffering from the initial stages of gum disease and not even know it. To help you spot the warning signs of this widespread disease, we will describe the stages of gum disease in this blog.

Gum Disease Stages: Gingivitis, Periodontitis…Tooth Loss!

Let’s start with the symptoms of gum disease. Spotting some of these symptoms early on can help you to reverse the development of periodontal disease.

  • Bad breath
  • Sensitive gums
  • Swollen, red gums
  • Bleeding gums
  • Teeth that have become loose
  • Teeth shifting
  • Pockets (spaces alongside your tooth)

If you notice any of these symptoms visit your dentist and begin flossing and brushing regularly. If you do not take action, the gum disease stages may begin to develop, starting with gingivitis.

1. Gingivitis

This is the initial stage of gum disease. Fortunately, if you catch the disease at this stage, it is easy to treat. Only the gums are affected during gingivitis. When a patient has gingivitis, they suffer from gums that are red and swollen. Healthy gums should be smooth and pink. If the gums are ignored this stage will develop into a more painful condition called periodontitis.

2. Periodontitis

Periodontitis is the later stage of gum disease. It is characterized by a number of problems such as red or purplish gums, gums that are receding away from the teeth, spaces between the teeth and gums called “pockets” or pus between the teeth and gums.

If left untreated, periodontitis will cause the teeth to loosen and shift. This will ultimately lead to the need for surgery or tooth extraction.

3. Treatment…or tooth loss

Fortunately, at W. Eric Martin’s dental practice we offer periodontal care. This means that we have the advanced tools and procedures to treat and reverse gum disease stages. Bacteria thrives in the spaces between the teeth and gums, therefore ridding these pockets of bacteria will help restore the smile.

When a patient with advanced gum disease comes into our practice, extraction is the last resort. We will always attempt to restore the natural teeth first. That’s why it is important to visit your dentist at the first signs of gum. If you still aren’t convinced about the power of healthy gums, click here to learn more about why your gum health matters. For more information on the stages of gum disease and the treatment that we offer, visit our office or call us today at (217) 355-9997(217) 355-9997.

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